Weak circulation in leg veins

This is one of the most common causes of water retention and occurs in pregnancy as well as in older people.

Blockage of the lymphatic system

This is known as lymphodema which is common for people who spend a lot of time immobile. For example: Those in hospital beds, on long haul flights or even couch potatoes. Without regular movement is is difficult for your lymphatic system to drain excess fluid out of your tissues.

Premenstrual water retention

This is caused by the hormonal changes of the menstrual cycle.


One of the main causes of water retention is eating too much salty food. Salt makes you thirsty and your body will hold on to this water.

Hormones and medicines

High levels of hormones such as insulin (to process sugar), cortisone (produced under stress) and estrogen as well as progesterone (female hormones) can make your body hold onto water.

Waste and toxins

Cellulite which mostly affects women’s thighs is swollen fat cells with retained water. Metabolic wastes and toxins such as pesticides and artificial chemicals which the body cannot release easily tend to be stored in this fat.

 Low calorie diets

If you eat less than 1200 calories a day for a prolonged time a low calorie diet will not get rid of water retention but actually make it worse. This is because this is not enough protein in your blood to draw excess water out of your tissues. This type of water retention will cause general puffiness and a swollen tummy if severe.



A diuretic is any substance that can help decrease the level of fluid in the body through urination. Foods that have diuretic properties are onions, beans, leafy greens, pineapple, parsley, grapes, asparagus and garlic. Caffeine is also a diuretic substance that helps rid the body of fluids and common sources include coffee, tea and chocolate.

Cutting down on salty food

Excessive sodium is a major cause of water retention and many eat twice the amount of sodium recommended for a healthy diet.


Consuming potassium rich foods can also help excrete water through urination. Meats are generally a good source of Potassium. Vegetables include broccoli, peas, potatoes, tomatoes, sweet potatoes and winter squash. Potassium rich fruits include prunes, kiwi, bananas, citrus fruits, cantaloupe and apricots. Other good sources include milk, yogurt and nuts.

Using an external pump

The body’s lymphatic system may also be externally stimulated using a manual pump by having a Lymphatic Massage or treatment equipment such as the Slide Styler.

Both are available at Beauty Empire. BOOK NOW.


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